NANAIMO BOARD OF POLICE COMMISSIONERS FONDS: LETTER BOOK, 1894-1902

21 November 1894

Henry Brown Esq.
Police Officer
Nanaimo
 

Dear Sir:

The Board of Police Commissioners for this City, direct me to inform you, that pending the disposal by the Courts, of the charge against you, you are relieved from duty.

Respectfully yours,

S. Gough
Secretary

21st November 1894

A.F. McKinnon, Esq.
Chief of Police
Nanaimo     
 

Dear Sir:

The Board of Police Commissioners for this City direct me to inform you, that pending the disposal, by the Courts of the charge against you, you are relieved from duty.

Respectfully yours,

S. Gough
Secretary

 21st November 1894

William Stewart, Esq.
Chief of Police
Nanaimo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Dear Sir:

In consequence of the disclosures in the Police Court, the Police Commissioners have decided to relieve Mr. McKinnon and Officer Brown from duty for the present, and they have directed me to ask you to kindly assist the City at this juncture of police affairs by devoting such portion of your time as you can spare to the supervision of the City Police until further arrangement can be made.

I have the honor to be, Dear Sir, your obedient servant.

S. Gough
Secretary, Police Commissioners

4th December 1894

James Crossan, Esq.
Nanaimo, BC
 

Sir:

I have the honor to inform you that the Board of Police Commissioners for this City, at a meeting held last evening, appointed you to the responsible position of Chief of Police.

Yours very truly

S. Gough
Secretary, Board of Police Commissioners

4th December 1894

Jacob Neen, Esq.
Nanaimo, BC
 

Sir:

I have the honor to inform you that the Board of Police Commissioners for this City, have appointed you to the responsible position of Constable.

Yours very truly

S. Gough
Secretary, Board of Police Commissioners

4th December 1894

George A Thompson, Esq
Nanaimo, BC
 

Sir:

I have the honor to inform you that the Board of Police Commissioners for this City, have appointed you to the responsible position of Constable.

Yours very truly

S Gough
Secretary, Board of Police Commissioners

2nd December 1895

Judge Harrison
Departure Bay, BC
 

Dear Sir:

Mayor Quennell has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Wednesday the 4th instant at 4 o’clock pm at the Municipal Council Chamber.

 

I have the honor to be, Dear Sir, Your obedient servant

S Gough
Secretary, Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners
 

3rd December 1895

Judge Harrison
Nanaimo
 

Dear Sir:

Mayor Quennell desires me to state that the meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners arranged for tomorrow, will be held on Thursday at 4 o’clock p.m.

This change is caused, owing to the death of Chief of Police Crossan’s mother, last evening and the funeral taking place tomorrow afternoon.

I have the honor to be, Dear Sir, Your obedient servant

S Gough
Secretary, Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

3rd December 1895

J. H. Simpson, Esq
Police Magistrate
Nanaimo
 

Dear Sir:

Mayor Quennell has directed me to state that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners for the City of Nanaimo, on Thursday the 5th instant, at the Municipal Council Chambers, at 4 o’clock p.m.

I have the honor to be, Dear Sir, Your obedient servant
S Gough
Secretary
Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners
 

 

[April 4th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Tuesday the 7th instant at 3:30 pm at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

Nanaimo City

[April 4th 6]

Dear Sir

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Tuesday the 7th instant at 3:30 pm at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

Judge Harrison

Departure Bay, BC

[April 13th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Wednesday the 15th instant at 11 o’clock a.m. at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

Nanaimo City

 

[April 13th 6]

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Wednesday the 15th instant at 11 o’clock a.m. at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

Judge Harrison,

Departure Bay, BC

 

[May 14th 6]

 

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Saturday the 16th instant at 10 o’clock a.m. at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be,

Dear Sir,

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

Nanaimo BC

[May 14th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Saturday the 16th instant at 10 o’clock a.m. at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir,

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

A R Johnston, Esq

Police Commissioner

Nanaimo City

 

[May 29th 6]

Dear Sir:

 

Your communication of Nov 29th [1895] addressed to the Board of Police Commissioners was considered on Dec 5/95 and on motion was received and filed.

 

In reference to your communication of Jan 20/96 I beg to state that it has been overlooked and will come up for consideration at the next meeting of the Board. I thought there was only one communication but it appears now that there are two.

 

Yours very truly

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Board of Police Commissioners

Joseph Allison, Esq

Ladner, BC

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Dear Sir

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners this evening at 8:30 o’clock at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir,

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

Nanaimo BC

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners this evening (Saturday) at 8:30 o’clock at the Municipal Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

A R Johnston, Esq

Nanaimo BC

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

The Board of Police Commissioners of this city at their meeting held this evening, has directed me to notify you to appear at the next meeting of the Board to be held on Monday the 17th instant at 3:30 p.m. to defend yourself against certain charges [preferred] by Rev D A McRae against you. The meeting will be held in the City Council Chambers.

 

Respectfully Yours

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Board of Police Commissioners, Nanaimo City

 

James Crossan Esq

Chief of Police

Nanaimo City

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

The Board of Police Commissioners of this city at their meeting held this evening, has directed me to notify you to appear at the next meeting of the Board to be held on Monday, the 17th instant at 3:30 p.m. to defend yourself against certain charges [pressed] by Rev D A McRae against you. The meeting will be held in the City Council Chambers.

 

Respectfully yours

 

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Board of Police Commissioners

Nanaimo City

 

George A Thompson, Esq

Constable

Nanaimo City

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Archibald McRae

Nanaimo City

 

By Section 200 of the “Municipal {Clauses Act

] 1896”

 

You are hereby summoned to appear at the next meeting of the Board of Police Commissions to be held in the Council Chambers Nanaimo on Monday the 17th instant at 3:30 pm for the purpose of giving evidence [?] certain charges [preferred] against Chief Constable Crossan and Constable Thompson by Rev D A McRae.

 

I H Davison

Chairman

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Archibald Matheson

Nanaimo

 

By virture of Section 220 of the “Municipal Clauses Act 1896”

 

You are hereby summoned to appear at the next meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners to be held in the Council Chambers Nanaimo on Monday the 17th instant at 3:30 for the purposes of giving evidence [ie] certain charges [preferred] against Chief Constable Crossan and Constable Thompson by Rev D A McRae.

 

I H Davison

Chairman

Of the Board of Police Commissioners

 

[August 15th 6]

 

Hugh L [Baks]

Nanaimo

 

By virture of Section 220 of the “Municipal Clauses Act 1896”

 

You are hereby summoned to appear at the next meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners to be held in the Council Chambers Nanaimo on Monday the 17th instant at 3:30 p.m. for the purpose of giving evidence [ie] certain charges [preferred] against Chief Constable Crossan and Constable Thompson by Rev D A McRae.

 

I H Davison

Chairman

Of the Board of Police Commissioners

Nanaimo City

 

 

[August 15th 6]

 

George Taylor

[House Keeper]

Nanaimo [River]

 

By virtue of Section 220 of the “Municipal Clauses Act 1896”

 

You are hereby summoned to appear at the next meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners to be held in the Council Chambers Nanaimo on Monday the 17th instant at 3:30 p.m. for the purpose of giving evidence [re] certain charges [preferred] against Chief Constable Crossan and Constable Thompson by Rev D A McRae.

 

I H Davison

Chairman

Of the Board of Police Commissioners

Nanaimo City

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[August 18th 6]

 

 

R E McKechie, Esq, M.D.

Health Officer

City of Nanaimo

 

By virtue of Section 220 of the “Municipal Clauses Act 1896”

 

You are hereby summoned to appear at the next meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners to be held in the Council Chambers, Nanaimo this Tuesday evening at 7:30 o’clock for the purpose of giving evidence [re] certain charges preferred against Chief Constable Crossan and Constable Thompson by Rev D A McRae.

 

I H Davison

Chairman

Of the Board of Police Commissioners

 

 

 

 

 

 

[October 20th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

I beg to inform you that your communication re vacation was brought forward for consideration and your request was granted.

 

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Police Commissioner

 

Jacob Neen, Esq

Constable

Nanaimo City

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Dec 7th 6]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Monday the 9th instant at 10 o’clock a.m. for the purpose of receiving the decision of the Board with reference to the late Police Investigation.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

A R Johnston, Esq

Police Commissioners

Nanaimo City

 

[Notes at bottom of letter in writing Telephoned Mr Johnston at [Wheynton] Office that the meeting would be at the City Council Chamber. A. T. Mr. Johnston said “all right”]

 

 

 

[Dec 7th 6]

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Wednesday the 9th instant at 10 o’clock a.m. for the purpose of receiving the decision of the Board with reference to the late Police Investigation. The meeting to be at the City Council Chambers

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commission

 

[J T C Simpson], Esq

Police Magistrate

Nanaimo City

 

 

 

 

[February 2nd 7]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Thursday the 4th instant at 11 o’clock a.m. for the purpose of [considering] a communication from the Municipal Council requesting the Board of Police Commissioners to dismiss Chief Police James Crossan and Constable George Thompson from the Police Force in this city.

 

The meeting of the Board will be held in the City Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

Nanaimo City

 

 

[February 2nd 7]

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has directed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Thursday the 4th instant at 11 o’clock a.m. for the purpose of considering a communication from the Municipal Council requesting the Board of Police Commissioners to dismiss Chief of Police James Crossan and Constable George Thompson from the Police Force in this city.

 

The meeting will be held in the City Council Chambers.

 

I have the honor to be

Dear Sir

Your obedient servant

Adam Thompson

Secretary

Nanaimo City Board of Police Commissioners

 

A R Johnson Esq

Police Commissioner

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

[March 23rd 7]

 

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has instructed me to notify you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Friday the 26th instant at [11 o’clock p.m.] in the Council Chambers, City Hall for the purpose considering a communication from the Municipal Council re this New Jail Premises also to consider certified copies of a communication and two documents affecting a member of the Police Force which was presented to that Board and a report of a Committee from the Municipal Council on the matter.

Yours very truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

A R Johnston Esq

Police Commissioner

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

[March 23rd 7}

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison has instructed me to communicate to you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Friday the 26th instant at 4 o’clock p.m. in the Council Chambers, City Hall, for the purpose of considering a communication from the Municipal Council re the New Jail Premises also to consider certified copies of a communication and two documents affecting a member of the Police Force which was presented to that Board and a report of a committee from the Municipal Council on the matter.

 

Yours very truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

 

 

[March 29th 7}

 

Dear Sir:

 

Mayor Davison directs me to notify you that the meeting of the Police Commissioners called for Friday the 26th instant and which was not held, will be held on Tuesday, March 30th 1897 at 11 o’clock a.m. in the Council Chambers.

 

Yours truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

 

[March 30th 7]

 

Dear Sir:

 

In accordance with the resolution passed at the meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners this morning I herewith enclose copies of all matters which are on fyle and to be considered by the Board.

 

 

Yours truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

J H Simpson, Esq

Police Magistrate

City

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[March 30th 7]

 

Dear Sir:

 

In accordance with the resolution passed at the meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners this morning I herewith enclose copies of all matters which are on fyle and to be considered by the Board.

 

Yours truly

 

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

A R Johnston, Esq

Police Commissioner

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

[March 30th 7]

 

Sir:

 

The Board of Police Commissioners for this City instruct me to request you to come to this City and inspect the Jail Premises, as a communication was presented to that Board today from the Municipal Council on the matter stating that the new premises are ready and they wish you to make an inspection before they are taken over.

 

I have the honor to be,

Sir,

Your obedient servant

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

F. Hussey, Esq.

Superintendent of Police of Province of BC

City of Victoria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[April 6th 7]

 

Dear Sir:

 

Messrs. A.R. Johnston and J.H. Simpson Police Commissioners, have requested me to call a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners for the City of Nanaimo to be [holden] on Wednesday the 7th day of April 1897 at 10 o’clock in the forenoon at the Old Court House (Police Court Room) in the City of Nanaimo for the purpose of proceeding with the investigation of the charges made against Policeman Thompson.

 

Yours very truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

J. H. Davison, Esq.

Chairman

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

[April 20th 7]

 

 

Dear Sir:

 

Major Davison Chairman of the Board of Police Commissioners directs me to notify you of the following resolution which was passed at a meeting of that Board held this afternoon at the Old Court House [viz]:

 

“Moved by Mr. Johnston seconded by Mr. Davison that Mr. Thompson Police Constable be suspended from his duties as a Police Officer for the City of Nanaimo until Mr. Simpson returns and until the full Board gives their decisions”. Carried.

 

In accordance with the above resolution I am directed to notify you to govern yourself accordingly.

 

Yours very truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

George A. Thompson, Esq

Police Constable

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

 

[May 10th 7]

 

Dear Sir:

 

J. H. Simpson Esquire, Police Magistrate has requested me to call a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Friday the 14th instant at 3 o’clock p.m. at the Police Court for the purpose of delivering judgment in the case of George Thompson.

 

Yours truly

 

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

  1. R. Johnston, Esq.

Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

 

[May 10th 7]

 

Dear Sir:

 

J.H. Simpson, Esquire, Police Magistrate has requested me to call a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners on Friday the 14th instant at 3 o’clock p.m. at the Police Court for the purpose of delivering judgment in the case of George Thompson.

 

Yours truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

J.H. Davison, Esq.

Chairman

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[May 14th 7]

 

 

I.H. Davison Esq

Chairman

Board of Police Commissioners

City of Nanaimo

 

Dear Sir:

 

J.H. Simpson Esquire Police Magistrate telephoned me at 9:45 this morning stating that [Mr. F. McBYoung] has received a telegram from Mr. Johnston to the effect that he could not be here for the meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners this afternoon and as the telegram does not state when Mr. Johnston will be back, the meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners will not be held to day but will be held when Mr. Johnston returns.

 

Yours truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

 

[RP]

Mr. Simpson further telephoned me that should {??] receive any more information from Mr. Johnston he [will] notify me.

 

 

[May 14th 7]

 

J H Davison Esq

Chairman

Board of Police Commissioners

 

Dear Sir:

 

J H Simpson Esq. Police Magistrate has instructed me to notify you that there will be a meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners at 2 o’clock p.m. to-morrow (Saturday) in the Police Court House for the purpose of giving judgment [re] “the Thompson Investigation”.

 

Yours truly

Adam Thompson

Clerk

Board of Police Commissioners

For the City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

[June 12th 7]

 

James Crossan Esq

Chief of Police

City of Nanaimo

 

A complaint has been made by Messrs [Yanwood} and Young on behalf of Mr. Henry Rosewall that a building is being removed from our side of Comox Road, to the other, and obstructing the street to the inconvenience of the public traffic and access to the [Cemetry]. As the Council has granted no permission for the use of the street in accordance with the “Street’s Bylaw 1894” you are hereby requested to take immediate [steps] to [prosnt] the removal of the building across the street mentioned until permission has been granted by the Municipal Council [upon] application to that Board.

 

Yours truly

I.H. Davison

Chairman of Board of Police [Com]

 

 

2nd August 1899

 

Dear Sir:

 

I have been requested by a member of our Board of Police Commissioners to work if your Board does anything regarding the payment of the Salaries of the policemen and if you do, would you kindly favor me with information on that point, does the Board [pass] a paysheet of the men employed and pass it on to the Municipal Council.

 

Heretofore, here the Clerk of the Council draws up the pay-sheet every month and the commissioners have no invoice in the matter. Any information that you can from me with regarding the procedure in your Board will be appreciated. I thank you in advance for the trouble I am giving you and as our Board meets on Saturday I shall be very glad to hear from you on that day.

 

Respectfully yours

S. Gough

Clerk

 

[Francis] Page Esq

Clerk Police Court

Victoria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30th Septr 1899

 

Dear Sir:

 

At the last meeting of the Board of Police Commissioners for this City, I was directed to request that in your monthly report to the Board, the nature of all the cases that have been before the Police Court be specified; also it was recommended that your report mention the section of the City that has required the attention of the Police Officers in dealing with nuisances.

 

Respectfully yours

S Gough

Secretary

Board of Police Commissioners

 

James Crossan Esq

Chief of Police

Nanaimo

 

 

 

8th March 1901

 

James Crossan Esq

Chief of Police

Nanaimo

 

Dear Sir:

 

At a meeting of the Police Commissioners held this morning I was directed to inform you that as indicated at the late meeting of the Board at which you were present, they have decided that steps must be taken by the police force to prevent and put a stop to gambling which is believed to be carried on in this City. As to-morrow will be pay-day, you are requested to adopt some plan to prevent the practice, and that you direct the police officers on the lines above indicated.

 

Respectfully yours

S Gough

Secretary

Board of Police Commissioners

For the City of Nanaimo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 19th 1902

 

To [His] Worship Mayor [??????}

Chairman,

Of the Board of Police Commissioners for the City of Nanaimo

 

Sir:

I hereby charge Constable George Thompson a constable for the City of Nanaimo, with aiding and abetting a keeper of a house of ill-fame who is known as Blanch Douglas, in an attempt to [extort] the sum of Twenty two dollars and fifty cents ($22.50/100 from the undersigned on the fifteenth day of December in the year of our Lord Nineteen hundred and two (1902). I further charge the aforementioned Constable George A. Thompson with drinking intoxicating [liquers] on the Seventeenth day of November, in the year of our Lord Nineteen hundred and two (1902), to such an extent as to interfere with the performance of his duties an officer of the law.

 

Signed on the Nineteenth day of December in the year of our Lord Nineteen hundred and two.

 

(Signed) John Andrew Fraser

Nanaimo, BC

 

 

 

23rd Decr 1902

 

George A. Thompson, Esq.

Constable

Nanaimo BC

 

Dear Sir:

 

I am directed to inform you that certain charges have been preferred against you, by Mr. John A. Fraser, a copy of which is enclosed herewith. The Police Commissioners will hold an inquiry into the matter on Friday next the [28th] inst, in the old Council Chamber, at 3 o’clock, P.M. which time you are hereby notified to be present.

 

Respectfully yours,

S. Gough

Clerk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22nd Decr. 1902

 

Mr. John Andrew Fraser

Nanaimo BC

 

Dear Sir:

 

I am directed to inform you that the Board Police Commissioners for this City, will on Friday the 26th inst. at [3 o’clock] P.M. in the Council Chamber, hold an inquiry regarding the charge preferred by you against Constable Thompson at which time the Commissioners request you appear with such evidence as you may have.

 

Respectfully yours

S Gough

Clerk

 

 

23rd Decr 1902

 

[? Stepheson], Esq

Wellington, BC

 

Dear Sir:

 

The Police Commissioners of this City will hold an inquiry on Friday next and one of the witnesses is living at the Wellington Hotel, and a summons has been issued for his attendance, I enclose it herewith and shall be much obliged if you [conserve] it on him. This morning I tried to reach you by telephone, but found that the line to Wellington was down, should you not be able to serve it, will you please let me know.

 

Respectfully yours

S Gough

Clerk